Don't Delete grub2

Don't uninstall grub2 without ensuring a newer version will be installed.

Don't Delete grub2
The grub2 bootloader

It was a Monday morning. I had recently set up a system on a segmented part of the network behind a proxy. I was running an older Ubuntu LTS (Focal) version and wanted to migrate to Jammy for more up-to-date packages that I frequently use, like QEMU or clang. No one has time to compile those.

I went to upgrade my system. Ubuntu makes this pretty easy with the command do-release-upgrade. However, it reaches out to This wasn't mirrored on the network, and I couldn't reach it. No biggie, I copied the file by hand and directed the apt cache to load the copied file instead of using HTTP. This worked. apt detected a new Ubuntu version, went to the Jammy URL provided in the file, downloaded it, and started upgrading packages.

It went well until a snap snafu. Specifically, firefox in Jammy is no longer provided by apt, but instead installed via snap. apt will automatically snap install it for you, conveniently. But I couldn't reach snap behind my proxy. I figured I would skip that package. I did. But, at the end of the installation, I received a package installation error that was probably important. Somehow, grub2 depended on firefox. I wish I had a screenshot.

Everything else succeeded, so I figured, what the heck, it's nothing to worry about. I restarted my system. It was at this point I realized that my previous grub2 install was removed. I probably could have gleaned that from the error messages if I had bothered to read. But I didn't. And I was stuck without a bootloader.

I could have gone into salvage mode, but since it was a new system, I just popped back in the live CD and reinstalled Focal while I got lunch. Don't delete grub2.

Join me in a future article, warning you not to delete libc. 😊

This article, and more, are available for free at and Medium.

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